Merck Manual

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  • Contributors

    Content last modified Feb 2019

    We gratefully acknowledge the expertise of the contributors to our current online version. The subject(s) that they are responsible for are listed after their affiliations.

    Stephen B. Adams, DVM, MS, DACVS
    Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Purdue University
    Lameness in Horses , Musculoskeletal System Introduction , Bone, Joint, and Muscle Disorders in Horses

    Susan Aiello, DVM, ELS
    Description and Physical Characteristics of Dogs , Routine Care and Breeding of Horses , Routine Care and Breeding of Cats , Description and Physical Characteristics of Horses , Description and Physical Characteristics of Cats , Selecting and Providing a Home for a Dog , Selecting and Providing a Home for a Horse , Routine Care and Breeding of Dogs , Selecting and Providing a Home for a Cat

    Andrew J. Allen, DVM, PhD, DACVIM
    Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Washington State University
    Metabolic Disorders Introduction , Disorders of Calcium Metabolism , Transport Tetany in Ruminants , Metabolic Disorders of Dogs , Metabolic Disorders of Horses

    Dana G. Allen, DVM, MSc, DACVIM
    Ontario Veterinary College
    Congenital and Inherited Anomalies , Systemic Pharmacotherapeutics of the Cardiovascular System , Digestive Disorders of Cats , Digestive Disorders of Dogs , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Cats

    Kelly E. Allen, MS, PhD
    Oklahoma State University
    Blood Parasites

    Sandra Allweiler, DVM, DACVA
    Oregon State University, Carlson College of Veterinary Medicine
    Pain Assessment and Management , Pain Management

    Glen W. Almond, DVM, PhD
    North Carolina State University
    Postpartum Dysgalactia Syndrome and Mastitis in Sows

    Gary C. Althouse, BS, MS, DVM, PhD, DACT
    Department of Clinical Studies, New Bolton Center, University of Pennsylvania
    Management of Reproduction: Pigs

    Claire B. Andreasen, DVM, PhD, DACVP
    Iowa State University
    Staphylococcosis

    Christine Andreoni,
    Discovery Merial Limited
    Immune Disorders of Dogs , Immune Disorders of Cats , Immune Disorders of Horses

    Frank M. Andrews, DVM, MS, DACVIM-LA
    Equine Health Studies Program, Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, Louisiana State University
    Gastrointestinal Ulcers in Large Animals

    John A. Angelos, DVM, PhD
    University of California-Davis
    Infectious Keratoconjunctivitis

    Max J. Appel, DMV, PhD
    Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Cats , Description and Physical Characteristics of Birds

    Donald Armstrong, MD
    Infectious Disease Service, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center|Cornell University Medical College
    Diseases Spread between Animals and People (Zoonoses)

    David A. Ashford, DVM, MPH, DSc
    International Services, APHIS, USDA
    Foot-and-Mouth Disease , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Cats , Description and Physical Characteristics of Birds

    Clarke Atkins, DVM, DACVIM
    College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University
    Heartworm Disease

    Rick Atwell, BVSc, PhD, FACVSc
    University of Queensland
    Tick Paralysis

    Joerg A. Auer, DrMedVet, Dr h c, MS, DACVS, DECVS
    Equine Department, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Zürich
    Bone, Joint, and Muscle Disorders of Cats , Bone, Joint, and Muscle Disorders of Dogs , Bone, Joint, and Muscle Disorders in Horses

    Tahseen Abdul-Aziz, BVMS, MS, PhD, DACPV
    North Carolina Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services
    Avian Encephalomyelitis , Botulism , Listeriosis

    David G. Baker, DVM, MS, PhD, DACLAM
    Division of Laboratory Animal Medicine, School of Veterinary Medicine, Louisiana State University
    Eyeworm Disease , Eye Disorders of Horses , Eye Disorders of Dogs , Eye Disorders of Cats

    Gordon J. Baker, BVSc, PhD, MRCVS, DACVS
    College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Illinois
    Digestive Disorders of Horses

    Lora R. Ballweber, MS, DVM, DACVM (Parasitology)
    College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University
    Gastrointestinal Parasites of Pigs , Fluke Infections in Ruminants , Lungworm Infection

    Alejandro Banda, DVM, MSc, PhD, DACPV, DACVM
    Mississippi State University
    Duck Viral Enteritis

    Gad Baneth, DVM, PhD, DECVCP
    Koret School of Veterinary Medicine, Hebrew University, Rehovot
    Leishmaniosis , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs

    Lisa G. Barber, DVM, DACVIM
    Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine, Tufts University
    Antineoplastic Agents

    Stephen C. Barr, BVSc, MVS, PhD, DACVIM
    College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University
    Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Cats

    George M. Barrington, DVM, PhD, DACVIM
    College of Veterinary Medicine, Washington State University
    Congenital Erythropoietic Porphyria , Photosensitization , Metabolic Disorders of Dogs , Metabolic Disorders of Horses , Metabolic Disorders of Cats

    Joseph W. Bartges, DVM, PhD, DACVIM, DACVN
    Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tennessee
    Kidney and Urinary Tract Disorders of Cats , Kidney and Urinary Tract Disorders of Dogs

    Andrew P. Bathe, MA, VetMB, DACVS, DEO, MRCVS
    Bone, Joint, and Muscle Disorders in Horses

    Robert B. Beckstead, PhD
    North Carolina State University
    Hexamitiasis , Histomoniasis , Cochlosomiasis ( Cochlosoma anatis ) in Turkeys and Ducks

    Daniela Bedenice, DVM, DACVIM, DACVECC
    Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine, Tufts University
    Management of the Neonate , Kidney and Urinary Tract Disorders of Horses , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Horses , Description and Physical Characteristics of Birds

    Sylvia J. Bedford-Guaus, DVM, PhD, DACT
    Peekskill-Cortlandt Veterinary Hospital|Campus ETSEA, School of Veterinary Medicine
    Breeding Soundness Examination of the Male

    James K. Belknap, DVM, PhD, DACVS
    Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Ohio State University
    Lameness in Horses

    Michael Bernstein, DVM, DACVIM
    Angell Animal Medical Center
    Blood Disorders of Dogs , Blood Disorders of Cats

    William G. Bickert, PhD (Deceased)
    Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering, Michigan State University
    Ventilation

    Rob Bildfell, DVM, MSc, DACVP
    Oregon State University
    Collection and Submission of Laboratory Samples , Pyrrolizidine Alkaloidosis , Poisoning

    William D. Black, MSc, DVM, PhD
    Department of Biomedical Sciences, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph
    Poisoning

    Patrick Joseph Blackall, BSc, PhD
    Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation, The University of Queensland
    Infectious Coryza

    Barry R. Blakley, DVM, PhD
    Department of Veterinary Biomedical Sciences, Western College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Saskatchewan
    Metaldehyde Poisoning , Sorghum Poisoning , Mercury Poisoning , Lead Poisoning , Molybdenum Poisoning , Quercus Poisoning , Fluoride Poisoning , Copper Poisoning , Poisoning

    Shauna L. Blois, DVM, DVSc, DACVIM
    Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph
    Diseases of the Stomach and Intestines in Small Animals

    Herman J. Boermans, DVM, MSc, PhD
    Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph
    Poisoning

    Rosemary J. Booth, BVSc
    Department of Environment and Resource Management, Queensland Parks and Wildlife Services
    Sugar Gliders

    Dawn Merton Boothe, DVM, PhD
    Department of Anatomy, Physiology, and Pharmacology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Auburn University
    Pharmacology Introduction , Antibacterial Agents , Antiviral Agents , Drugs and Vaccines , Antifungal Agents , Chemotherapeutics Introduction

    Manuel Borca, DVM, PhD
    USDA
    Classical Swine Fever

    Davin Borde, DVM, DACVIM
    Veterinary Heart Institute
    Heart and Blood Vessel Disorders of Cats , Heart and Blood Vessel Disorders of Horses , Heart and Blood Vessel Disorders of Dogs

    Kenneth R. Boschert, DVM, DACLAM
    Washington University
    Rats , Chinchillas , Guinea Pigs , Mice , Gerbils , Hamsters

    Jane C. Boswell, MA, VetMB, CertVA, CertES (Orth), DECVS, MRCVS
    The Liphook Equine Hospital
    Lameness in Horses

    Joan S. Bowen, DVM
    Wellington, CO
    Lameness in Goats , Health-Management Interaction: Goats

    Andrew S. Bowman, MS, DVM, PhD, DACVPM
    The Ohio State University
    Porcine Hemagglutinating Encephalomyelitis

    Perle Boyer, DVM
    College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota
    Postpartum Dysgalactia Syndrome and Mastitis in Sows

    R. Keith Bramwell, BS, MS, PhD
    Jamesway Incubator Company
    Artificial Insemination

    Kyle G. Braund, BVSc, MVSc, PhD, FRCVS, DACVIM (Neurology)
    Veterinary Neurological Consulting Services
    Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Dogs , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Horses , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Cats

    Matthew T. Brokken, DVM
    The Ohio State University
    Lameness in Horses

    Scott A. Brown, VMD, PhD, DACVIM
    Department of Small Animal Medicine and Surgery, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia
    Infectious Diseases of the Urinary System in Small Animals , Noninfectious Diseases of the Urinary System in Small Animals , Kidney and Urinary Tract Disorders of Cats , Kidney and Urinary Tract Disorders of Dogs

    Cecil F. Brownie, DVM, PhD, DABVT, DABFE, DABFM, FACFEI
    College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University
    Poisonous Mushrooms , Poisonous Plants , Poisoning

    Glenn F. Browning, BVSc, DVCS, PhD
    Asia-Pacific Centre for Animal Health, Faculty of Veterinary Science, The University of Melbourne
    Infectious Bronchitis

    David Bruyette, DVM, DACVIM
    Anivive Life Sciences, Woodland Hills, CA
    The Pancreas , The Adrenal Glands , Hormonal Disorders of Cats , Hormonal Disorders of Horses , Hormonal Disorders of Dogs

    John A. Bukowski, DVM, MPH, PhD
    Description and Physical Characteristics of Dogs , Routine Care and Breeding of Horses , Routine Care and Breeding of Cats , Description and Physical Characteristics of Horses , Description and Physical Characteristics of Cats , Selecting and Providing a Home for a Dog , Selecting and Providing a Home for a Horse , Routine Care and Breeding of Dogs , Selecting and Providing a Home for a Cat

    Marie S. Bulgin, DVM, MBA, DACVM
    University of Idaho
    Health-Management Interaction: Sheep , Lameness in Sheep , Scrapie

    Kristine E. Burgess, DVM, DACVIM (Oncology)
    Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine, Tufts University
    Antineoplastic Agents

    Amanda Burling, DVM
    University of Florida College of Veterinary Medicine
    Feline Leukemia Virus and Related Diseases

    Raymond Cahill-Morasco, MS, DVM
    SeaPort Veterinary Hospital, Gloucester, MA
    Zinc Toxicosis , Poisoning

    Robert J. Callan, DVM, MS, PhD, DACVIM
    Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University
    Bluetongue , Congenital and Inherited Anomalies , Sporadic Bovine Encephalomyelitis , Malignant Catarrhal Fever

    Clay A. Calvert, DVM, DACVIM
    College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia
    Heart and Blood Vessel Disorders of Cats , Heart and Blood Vessel Disorders of Dogs

    John Campbell, DVM, DVSc
    Large Animal Clinical Sciences, Western College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Saskatchewan
    Respiratory Diseases of Cattle

    Karen L. Campbell, MS, DVM, DACVIM, DACVD
    College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Illinois
    Blood Disorders of Dogs , Blood Disorders of Cats

    Sharon Campbell, DVM, MS, DACVIM
    Pfizer Inc.
    Digestive Disorders of Cats , Digestive Disorders of Dogs

    Ivan W. Caple, BVSc, PhD, MACVSc, MRCVS
    Veterinary Clinical Centre, University of Melbourne
    Metabolic Disorders of Dogs , Metabolic Disorders of Horses , Metabolic Disorders of Cats

    Wayne W. Carmichael, PhD
    Wright State University
    Algal Poisoning

    James W. Carpenter, MS, DVM, DACZM
    Zoological Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Kansas State University
    Hedgehogs

    Phillip D. Carter, BVSc, MVS
    Queensland Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry’s Tick Fever Centre
    Blood Parasites

    Samuel C. Cartner, DVM, PhD, DACLAM
    University of Alabama at Birmingham
    Euthanasia

    Christopher K. Cebra, VMD, MA, MS, DACVIM
    Large Animal Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Oregon State University
    Hepatic Lipidosis

    Sharon A. Center, BS, DVM, DACVIM
    Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University
    Hepatic Disease in Small Animals

    Cheryl L. Chrisman, DVM, MS, EDS, DACVIM (Neurology)
    College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida
    Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Dogs , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Horses , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Cats

    Jens Peter Christensen, DVM, PhD
    Department of Veterinary Disease Biology, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Copenhagen
    Fowl Cholera , Riemerella anatipestifer Infection

    Edwin Claerebout, DVM, PhD, DEVPC
    Department of Virology, Parasitology and Immunology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University
    Anthelmintics

    Meredith Martin Clancy, DVM, MPH, DACZM
    San Diego Zoo Safari Park
    Vaccination of Exotic Mammals

    Keith A. Clark, DVM, PhD
    Zoonosis Control Division, Texas Department of Health
    Poisoning

    Peter Clegg, MA, Vet MB, DipECVS, PhD, MRCVS
    Veterinary Teaching Hospital, School of Veterinary Sciences, University of Liverpool
    Lameness in Horses

    Johann (Hans) F. Coetzee, BVSc, CertCHP, PhD, DACVCP
    Iowa State University
    Systemic Pharmacotherapeutics of the Digestive System

    Stephen R. Collett, BSc, BVSc, MMedVet
    Department of Population Health, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia
    Biosecurity , Sudden Death Syndrome of Broiler Chickens

    Michael T. Collins, DVM, PhD, DACVM
    Department of Pathobiological Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Wisconsin-Madison
    Paratuberculosis

    Ben H. Colmery, DVM, DAVDC
    Digestive Disorders of Cats , Digestive Disorders of Dogs

    Peter D. Constable, BVSc (Hons), MS, PhD, DACVIM
    College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
    Diseases of the Ruminant Forestomach , Diseases of the Abomasum , Coccidiosis , Disorders of Potassium Metabolism , Infectious Diseases of the Urinary System in Large Animals , Cryptosporidiosis , Abdominal Fat Necrosis , Acute Intestinal Obstructions in Large Animals , Bovine Secondary Recumbency , Digestive Disorders of Horses

    Rhian B. Cope, BVSC, PhD, DABT, FACTRA
    Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority
    Smoke Inhalation , Cyanide Poisoning , Toxicologic Hazards in the Workplace

    Robert W. Coppock, DVM, MS, PhD, DABVT, DABT
    Robert W. Coppock, DVM, Toxicologist and Associate Ltd.
    Persistent Halogenated Aromatic Poisoning

    Susan M. Cotter, DVM, DACVIM (Small Animal Internal Medicine and Oncology)
    Tufts University
    Hemostatic Disorders , Blood Groups and Blood Transfusions , Hematopoietic System Introduction , Blood Disorders of Horses , Blood Disorders of Dogs , Blood Disorders of Cats

    Laurent L. Couetil, DVM, PhD, DACVIM (Large Animal)
    Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Purdue University College of Veterinary Medicine
    Pulmonary Emphysema

    Kate E. Creevy, DVM, MS, DACVIM
    Texas A&M University|Dog Aging Project
    Canine Herpesviral Infection , Infectious Canine Hepatitis , Canine Distemper , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs

    Rocio Crespo, DVM, MSc, DVSc, DACPV
    North Carolina State University
    Miscellaneous Conditions of Poultry , Fatty Liver Hemorrhagic Syndrome

    Gary L. Cromwell, PhD
    Department of Animal and Food Sciences, University of Kentucky
    Iron Toxicity in Newborn Pigs , Nutrition: Pigs

    Suzanne M. Cunningham, DVM, DACVIM (Cardiology)
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine, Tufts University
    Cardiovascular System Introduction , Thrombosis, Embolism, and Aneurysm , Heart and Blood Vessel Disorders of Dogs , Heart and Blood Vessel Disorders of Cats

    Mark P. Dagleish, BVMS, PhD
    Moredun Research Institute
    Louping Ill

    Benjamin J. Darien, DVM, MS, DACVIM
    School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Wisconsin
    Heart and Blood Vessel Disorders of Cats , Heart and Blood Vessel Disorders of Horses , Heart and Blood Vessel Disorders of Dogs

    Andrew Dart, BVSc, PhD, DACVS, DECVS
    University of Sydney
    Congenital and Inherited Anomalies

    Autumn P. Davidson, DVM, MS, DACVIM
    School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis
    Management of the Neonate , Reproductive Diseases of the Male Small Animal , Management of Reproduction: Dogs and Cats , Reproductive Disorders of Dogs , Reproductive Disorders of Cats

    Peter R. Davies, BVSc, PhD
    University of Minnesota
    Vesicular Exanthema of Swine , Pityriasis Rosea in Pigs (Porcine juvenile pustular psoriaform dermatitis) , Exudative Epidermitis , Parakeratosis , Swine Vesicular Disease

    Sherrill Davison Yeakel, VMD, MS, MBA, DACPV
    Laboratory of Avian Medicine and Pathology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Pennsylvania
    Salmonelloses

    Scott A. Dee, DVM, MS, PhD
    Pipestone Veterinary Services
    Infectious Diseases of the Urinary System in Large Animals , Respiratory Diseases of Pigs , Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome , Pseudorabies

    Alice Defarges, DVM, MSc, DACVIM
    Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph
    Diseases of the Stomach and Intestines in Small Animals

    Fabio Del Piero, DVM, DACVP, PhD
    Louisiana State University
    Reproductive Disorders of Horses , Reproductive Disorders of Dogs , Reproductive Disorders of Cats

    Sagi Denenberg, DVM, DACVB, Dip. ECAWBM (Behaviour), MACVSc (Behaviour)
    North Toronto Veterinary Behaviour Specialty Clinic
    Normal Social Behavior and Behavioral Problems of Domestic Animals , Behavior of Horses

    Rishi Desai, MD, MPH
    Osmosis|Stanford University
    How to Study in Veterinary School

    Sandra Diaz, DVM, MS, DACVD
    The Ohio State University
    Pyoderma , Atopic Dermatitis

    R. Page Dinsmore, DVM
    College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University
    Health-Management Interaction: Dairy Cattle

    Joseph A. DiPietro, DVM, MS
    Institute of Agriculture, University of Tennessee
    Digestive Disorders of Horses

    Stephen J. Divers, BVetMed, DZooMed, DACZM, DECZM (herpetology), FRCVS
    University of Georgia
    Reptiles , Reptiles

    Thomas J. Divers, DVM, DACVIM, DACVECC
    Cornell University
    Noninfectious Diseases of the Urinary System in Large Animals , Leptospirosis , Kidney and Urinary Tract Disorders of Horses

    Thomas M. Donnelly, BVSc, DVP, DACLAM, DABVP(ECM)
    The Kenneth S Warren Institute
    Rodents , Chinchillas , Guinea Pigs , Mice , Gerbils , Hamsters

    Patricia M. Dowling, DVM, MSc, DACVIM, DACVCP
    Veterinary Clinical Pharmacology, Western College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Saskatchewan
    Systemic Pharmacotherapeutics of the Digestive System , Systemic Pharmacotherapeutics of the Muscular System , Systemic Pharmacotherapeutics of the Respiratory System , Systemic Pharmacotherapeutics of the Urinary System

    Michael W. Dryden, DVM, PhD, DACVM
    Kansas State University
    Ectoparasiticides , Fleas and Flea Allergy Dermatitis , Mange , Skin Disorders of Cats , Skin Disorders of Dogs

    J. P. Dubey, MVSc, PhD
    Animal Parasitic Diseases Laboratory, Beltsville Agricultural Research Center, USDA
    Toxoplasmosis , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Cats

    Rebecca S. Duerr, DVM, MPVM, PhD
    International Bird Rescue Research Center
    Management of the Neonate

    John Dunn, DVM, MS, PhD
    USDA-ARS-Avian Disease and Oncology Laboratory
    Neoplasms

    Neil W. Dyer, DVM, MS, DACVP
    Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory, North Dakota State University
    Lung and Airway Disorders of Cats , Lung and Airway Disorders of Horses , Lung and Airway Disorders of Dogs

    Jack Easley, DVM, MS, DABVP (Equine)
    Dentistry , Digestive Disorders of Horses

    Scott H. Edwards, BSc, BVMS, PhD, MANZCVSc
    Charles Sturt University
    Anti-Inflammatory Agents

    Mohamed El-Gazzar, DVM, MAM, PhD, DACPV
    Department of Veterinary Diagnostics and Production Animal Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Iowa State University
    Staphylococcosis , Mycoplasmosis

    Steve M. Ensley, BS, DVM, MS, PhD
    Kansas State University
    Toxicology Introduction , Poisoning

    Ronald J. Erskine, DVM, PhD
    Michigan State University
    Mastitis in Large Animals , Reproductive Disorders of Horses

    Rodrigo A. Espinosa, DVM, MAM, DACPV
    Aviagen, Inc
    Disorders of the Reproductive System

    Paul Ettestad, DVM, MS
    Epidemiology and Response Division, New Mexico Department of Health
    Plague , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Cats

    A. K. Eugster, DVM, PhD
    Texas Veterinary Medical Diagnostic Laboratory
    Eye Disorders of Cats

    David L. Evans, BVSc, PhD
    University of Sydney
    Metabolic Disorders of Dogs , Metabolic Disorders of Horses , Metabolic Disorders of Cats

    Timothy M. Fan, DVM, PhD, DACVIM
    Department of Veterinary Clinical Medicine, University of Illinois
    Canine Lymphoma , Blood Disorders of Dogs

    Susan E. Fielder, DVM, MS, DACVP (Clinical Pathology)
    Oklahoma State University
    Reference Guides

    Scott D. Fitzgerald, DVM, PhD, DACVP, DACPV
    Department of Pathobiology and Diagnostic Investigation, College of Veterinary Medicine, Michigan State University
    West Nile Virus Infection in Poultry , Congenital and Inherited Anomalies of the Urinary System , Kidney and Urinary Tract Disorders of Horses , Kidney and Urinary Tract Disorders of Cats , Kidney and Urinary Tract Disorders of Dogs

    James A. Flanders, DVM, DACVS
    College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University
    Reproductive Disorders of Dogs , Reproductive Disorders of Cats

    Sherrill A. Fleming, DVM, DACVIM, DABVP
    Food and Animal Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Mississippi State University
    Pasteurellosis of Sheep and Goats

    Carol S. Foil, DVM, MS, DACVD
    School of Veterinary Medicine
    Skin Disorders of Cats , Skin Disorders of Dogs , Skin Disorders of Horses

    Janet E. Foley, DVM, PhD
    University of California, Davis
    Tularemia , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs , Rickettsial Diseases , Equine Granulocytic Anaplasmosis

    Taya Forde, DVM, PhD
    University of Glasgow
    Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae Infection

    Jonathan H. Foreman, DVM, MS, DACVIM (LAIM)
    College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
    Hepatic Disease in Large Animals

    James G. Fox, DVM, MS, DACLAM
    Massachusetts Institute of Technology
    Digestive Disorders of Cats , Digestive Disorders of Dogs

    Mark T. Fox, BVetMed, PhD, DEVPC, FHEA, MRCVS
    Department of Pathology and Pathogen Biology, The Royal Veterinary College, University of London
    Gastrointestinal Parasites of Ruminants

    Ruth Francis-Floyd, DVM, MS, DACZM
    Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida
    Aquaculture , Aquatic Systems , Aquarium Fishes , Fish

    Don A. Franco, DVM, MPH, DACVPM
    Center for Biosecurity Food Safety and Public Health
    Metabolic Disorders of Cats

    Robert M. Friendship, DVM, MSc, DABVP
    University of Guelph
    Gastrointestinal Ulcers in Large Animals , Health-Management Interaction: Pigs

    Richard M. Fulton, DVM, PhD
    Michigan State University Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory
    Tuberculosis

    Laurie J. Gage, DVM, DACZM
    USDA APHIS Animal Care, Center for Animal Welfare
    Management of the Neonate

    Shiv Gaglani, MBA
    Osmosis
    How to Study in Veterinary School

    Alex Gallagher, DVM, MS, DACVIM (SAIM)
    University of Florida
    Diseases of the Stomach and Intestines in Small Animals , Diseases of the Rectum and Anus , Digestive System Introduction

    Maricarmen Garcia, PhD
    University of Georgia
    Infectious Laryngotracheitis

    Tam Garland, DVM, PhD, DABVT
    Garland, Bailey and Assoc
    Gossypol Poisoning , Arsenic Poisoning

    Jack M. Gaskin, DVM, PhD, DACVM
    Department of Infectious Disease and Pathology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida
    Encephalomyocarditis Virus Infection

    Kirk N. Gelatt, VMD, DACVO
    Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida
    Neoplasia of the Eye and Associated Structures , Ophthalmic Emergencies , Ophthalmology , Emergencies , Eye Disorders of Horses , Eye Disorders of Dogs , Eye Disorders of Cats

    Richard W. Gerhold, Jr., DVM, PhD
    Department of Biomedical and Diagnostic Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tennessee
    Cryptosporidiosis , Coccidiosis , Trichomonosis , Helminths of the Skin

    Paul Gibbs, BVSc, PhD, FRCVS
    College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida
    Pox Diseases , Skin Disorders of Cats

    Thomas W. G. Gibson, BSc, BEd, DVM, DVSc, DACVSMR
    Department of Clinical Studies, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph
    Diseases of the Stomach and Intestines in Small Animals

    Robert O. Gilbert, BVSc, MMedVet, DACT, MRCVS
    Reproductive Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University
    Vaginal and Cervical Prolapse , Metritis in Large Animals , Vulvitis and Vaginitis in Large Animals , Retained Fetal Membranes in Large Animals , Uterine Prolapse and Eversion , Systemic Pharmacotherapeutics of the Reproductive System , Reproductive Disorders of Horses

    Sabine Gilch, PhD
    University of Calgary
    Chronic Wasting Disease

    Eric Gonder, DVM, MS, PhD, DACPV
    Butterball LLC
    Miscellaneous Conditions of Poultry

    Sonya G. Gordon, DVM, DVSc, DACVIM (Cardiology)
    Texas A&M University
    Systemic Pharmacotherapeutics of the Cardiovascular System

    Louis Norman Gotthelf, DVM
    Animal Hospital of Montgomery; Montgomery Pet Skin and Ear Clinic, Montgomery, AL
    Tumors of the Ear Canal and Middle Ear

    Marcelo Gottschalk, DVM, PhD
    College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Montreal
    Streptococcal Infections in Pigs

    Gregory F. Grauer, DVM, MS, DACVIM
    Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Kansas State University
    Ethylene Glycol Toxicity , Poisoning

    Deborah S. Greco, DVM, PhD, DACVIM-SAIM
    Nestle Purina PetCare
    The Pituitary Gland , Hormonal Disorders of Cats , Hormonal Disorders of Horses , Hormonal Disorders of Dogs

    Craig E. Greene, DVM, MS
    College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia
    Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Cats

    Paul R. Greenough, FRCVS
    Western College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Saskatchewan
    Lameness in Cattle

    Tara L. Grinnage-Pulley, DVM, PhD
    Department of Epidemiology, College of Public Health, University of Iowa
    Blood Parasites

    Walter Grünberg, DrMedVet, MS, PhD, DECAR, DECBHM
    University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Foundation
    Dystrophies Associated with Calcium, Phosphorus, and Vitamin D , Salmonellosis , Colisepticemia , Hepatic Lipidosis , Intestinal Diseases in Ruminants , Disorders of Phosphorus Metabolism

    Jorge Guerrero, DVM, PhD, DEVPC (Ret)
    Department of Pathobiology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Pennsylvania
    Heart and Blood Vessel Disorders of Cats , Heart and Blood Vessel Disorders of Dogs

    P. K. Gupta, PhD, Post Doc (USA), PGDCA, MSc VM & AH BVSc, FNA VSc, FASc, AW, FST, FAEB, FACVT (USA), Gold Medalist
    Toxicology Consulting Services|Society of Toxicology of India
    Pentachlorophenol Poisoning , Herbicide Poisoning

    Ramesh C. Gupta, DVM, MVSc, PhD, DABT, FACT, FACN, FATS
    Toxicology Department, Breathitt Veterinary Center, Murray State University
    Insecticide and Acaricide (Organic) Toxicity

    James S. Guy, DVM, PhD
    College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University
    Viral Encephalitides , Turkey Viral Hepatitis , Viral Enteritis

    Sharon M. Gwaltney-Brant, DVM, PhD, DABVT, DABT
    University of Illinois
    Toad Poisoning , Food Hazards , Household Hazards , Snakebite , Poisoning

    Carlton L. Gyles, DVM, PhD
    Department of Pathobiology, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph
    Edema Disease , Digestive Disorders of Cats , Digestive Disorders of Dogs

    Caroline N. Hahn, DVM, MSc, PhD
    Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies, University of Edinburgh
    Dysautonomia , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Dogs , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Horses , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Cats

    Edward J. Hall, MA, VetMB, PhD, DECVIM-CA
    Langford Vets, Bristol Veterinary School
    Diseases of the Stomach and Intestines in Small Animals

    Jean A. Hall, DVM, PhD, DACVIM
    Department of Biomedical Sciences, Carlson College of Veterinary Medicine, Oregon State University
    Disorders of Calcium Metabolism , Metabolic Disorders of Dogs , Metabolic Disorders of Cats

    Jeffery O. Hall, DVM, PhD, DABVT
    Utah State University
    Selenium Toxicosis

    Farouk M. Hamdy, DVM, MSc, PhD, MPA (Deceased)
    Description and Physical Characteristics of Birds

    Larry G. Hansen, PhD
    University of Illinois
    Poisoning

    Kayla R. Hanson, DVM, DACVECC, CWPV
    LakeShore Veterinary Specialists
    Emergency Medicine Introduction

    Russell R. Hanson, DVM, DACVS, DACVECC
    Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Auburn University
    Congenital and Inherited Anomalies of the Musculoskeletal System , Bone, Joint, and Muscle Disorders of Cats , Bone, Joint, and Muscle Disorders of Dogs , Bone, Joint, and Muscle Disorders in Horses

    Joseph Harari, MS, DVM, DACVS
    Veterinary Surgical Specialists, Spokane, WA
    Lameness in Small Animals , Arthropathies and Related Disorders in Small Animals , Osteopathies in Small Animals , Myopathies in Small Animals , Bone, Joint, and Muscle Disorders of Cats , Bone, Joint, and Muscle Disorders of Dogs

    Billy M. Hargis, DVM, PhD
    JKS Poultry Health Research Laboratory, University of Arkansas|Department of Poultry Science, University of Arkansas
    Necrotic Enteritis , Miscellaneous Conditions of Poultry , Spontaneous Cardiomyopathy of Turkeys

    Kenneth R. Harkin, DVM, DACVIM
    College of Veterinary Medicine, Kansas State University
    Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs , Description and Physical Characteristics of Birds

    D. L. Hank Harris, DVM, PhD
    Department of Animal Science, Department of Veterinary Diagnostics and Production Animal Medicine, Iowa State University
    Intestinal Diseases in Pigs

    Lynette A. Hart, PhD
    School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California
    The Human-Animal Bond , Health and the Human-Animal Bond

    Rüdiger Hauck, DVM, PhD
    Auburn University
    Helminthiasis

    Joe Hauptman, DVM, MS, DACVS
    Veterinary Teaching Hospital, Michigan State University
    Diaphragmatic Hernia , Lung and Airway Disorders of Cats , Lung and Airway Disorders of Horses , Lung and Airway Disorders of Dogs

    Jan F. Hawkins, DVM, DACVS
    Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, Purdue University
    Pharyngitis , Diseases of the Esophagus in Large Animals , Diseases of the Mouth in Large Animals , Pharyngeal Paralysis

    William W. Hawkins, BS, DVM
    Skin Disorders of Dogs

    Marcus J. Head, BVetMed
    Rossdales Equine Hospital and Diagnostic Centre
    Lameness in Horses

    J. Jill Heatley, DVM, MS, DACZM, DABVP (Avian)
    Texas A&M University
    Vaccination of Exotic Mammals

    Nicole A. Heinrich, DVM, DACVD
    McKeever Dermatology Clinics
    Seborrhea , Nasal Dermatoses of Dogs , Urticaria

    Peter W. Hellyer, DVM, MS, DACVA
    College of Veterinary Medicine & Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University
    Pain Management

    Charles M. Hendrix, DVM, PhD
    Department of Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Auburn University
    CNS Diseases Caused by Helminths and Arthropods , Venomous Arthropods , Travel with Pets , Flies , Diagnostic Procedures for the Private Practice Laboratory , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Dogs , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Horses , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Cats

    Thomas H. Herdt, DVM, MS, DACVN, DACVIM
    Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences and Diagnostic Center for Population and Animal Health, Michigan State University
    Nutrition: Dairy Cattle , Ketosis in Cattle

    Laurie Hess, DVM, DABVP
    Veterinary Center for Birds & Exotics, Bedford Hills, NY
    Sugar Gliders

    Michael Hess, DMV
    University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna, Austria
    Miscellaneous Conditions of Poultry , Avian Spirochetosis

    Hugh Hildebrandt, DVM
    Medford Veterinary Clinic
    Mink

    Delores E. Hill, PhD
    U.S. Department of Agriculture
    Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Cats , Description and Physical Characteristics of Birds

    W. Mark Hilton, DVM, DABVP
    Veterinary Clinical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, Purdue University
    Health-Management Interaction: Beef Cattle , Nutrition: Beef Cattle

    Katrin Hinrichs, DVM, PhD
    University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine
    Cloning of Domestic Animals , Reproductive Disorders of Horses

    Frederic J. Hoerr, DVM, PhD
    Veterinary Diagnostic Pathology, LLC
    Miscellaneous Conditions of Poultry , Aspergillosis , Mycotoxicoses

    Steven R. Hollingsworth, DVM, DACVO
    Department of Surgical and Radiological Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California
    Eye Disorders of Horses

    Peter H. Holmes, BVMS, PhD, Dr HC, FRCVS, FRSE, OBE
    University of Glasgow
    Blood Disorders of Dogs , Blood Disorders of Cats , Blood Disorders of Horses

    Timothy N. Holt, DVM
    Clinical Sciences, Livestock Medicine and Surgery, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University
    Bovine High-mountain Disease

    Sharman M. Hoppes, DVM, ABVP (Avian)
    Texas A and M University
    Pet Birds , Disorders and Diseases of Birds

    Johnny D. Hoskins, DVM, PhD
    Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Cats , Description and Physical Characteristics of Birds

    Michael J. Huerkamp, DVM, DACLAM
    Division of Animal Resources, Emory University|Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Emory University
    Laboratory? Animals

    Martin E. Hugh-Jones, VetMB, MPH, PhD, MRCVS
    School of Veterinary Medicine, Louisiana State University
    Anthrax , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs

    Staci Hutsell, DVM
    University of Florida College of Veterinary Medicine
    Feline Infectious Peritonitis

    Basil O. Ikede, BVetMed, DVM, PhD, FCVSN
    Department of Pathology and Microbiology, Atlantic Veterinary College, University of Prince Edward Island
    Bovine Petechial Fever

    Walter Ingwersen, DVM, DVSc, DACVIM
    Companion Animals, Boehringer Ingelheim (Canada) Ltd, Vetmedica
    Digestive Disorders of Cats , Digestive Disorders of Dogs , Digestive Disorders of Horses

    Charles J. Issel, DVM, PhD
    University of Kentucky
    Description and Physical Characteristics of Birds

    Peter G. G. Jackson, MA, BVM&S, DVM&S, FRCVS
    University of Cambridge
    Prolonged Gestation in Cattle and Sheep

    Daral J. Jackwood, PhD
    The Ohio State University
    Infectious Bursal Disease

    Mark W. Jackwood, MS, PhD
    Department of Population Health, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia
    Bordetellosis , Infectious Bronchitis

    Nemi C. Jain, MVSc, PhD
    School of Veterinary Medicine. University of California
    Blood Disorders of Dogs , Blood Disorders of Cats , Blood Disorders of Horses

    Eugene D. Janzen, DVM, MVS
    University of Calgary
    Histophilosis , Lightning Stroke and Electrocution , Trichomoniasis , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Cats , Description and Physical Characteristics of Birds

    Leo B. Jeffcott, MA, BVM, PhD, FRCVS, DVSc, VD
    University of Sydney
    Bone, Joint, and Muscle Disorders in Horses

    Cheri A. Johnson, DVM, MS, DACVIM (Small Animal)
    Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Michigan State University
    Reproductive Disorders of Dogs , Reproductive Disorders of Cats

    Cia L. Johnson, DVM, MS, MSc
    American Veterinary Medical Association
    Euthanasia

    LaRue W. Johnson, DVM, PhD
    Colorado State University
    Llamas and Alpacas

    Richard C. Jones, BSc, PhD, DSc, FRCPath
    School of Veterinary Science, University of Liverpool
    Viral Arthritis , Malabsorption Syndrome

    Wayne K. Jorgensen, BSc, PhD
    Agri-Science Queensland
    Blood Disorders of Dogs , Blood Disorders of Cats , Blood Disorders of Horses

    Maureen H. Kemp, BVMS, MVM, PhD, DCHP, MRCVS
    Wern Veterinary Surgeons, Wales, UK
    Laryngeal Disorders

    Robert J. Kemppainen, DVM, PhD
    Department of Anatomy, Physiology & Pharmacology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Auburn University
    Endocrine System Introduction , Neuroendocrine Tumors , Hormonal Disorders of Cats , Hormonal Disorders of Horses , Hormonal Disorders of Dogs

    Allison Kendall, DVM, MS, DACVIM
    North Carolina State University
    Anemia

    Morag G. Kerr, BVMS, BSc, PhD, Cbiol, FIBiol, MRCVS
    Diagnostic Tests and Imaging

    Safdar A. Khan, DVM, MS, PhD, DABVT
    ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center, Urbana, Illinois
    Strychnine Poisoning , Rodenticide Poisoning , Toxicities from Human Drugs , Poisoning

    Rebecca Kirby, DVM, DACVIM, DACVECC
    Animal Emergency Center
    Emergencies

    Peter D. Kirkland, BVSc, PhD
    Virology Laboratory, Elizabeth Macarthur Agriculture Institute
    Congenital and Inherited Anomalies

    Mark D. Kittleson, DVM, PhD, DACVIM (Cardiology)
    School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis
    Heart Disease and Heart Failure

    Kirk C. Klasing, BS, MS, PhD
    Department of Animal Science, University of California
    Nutrition and Management: Poultry

    Thomas R. Klei, PhD
    School of Veterinary Medicine and Louisiana Agriculture Experiment Station, Louisiana State University
    Gastrointestinal Parasites of Horses , Helminths of the Skin , Skin Disorders of Cats , Skin Disorders of Dogs , Skin Disorders of Horses

    Eyal Klement, DVM, MSc
    The Hebrew University
    Bovine Ephemeral Fever

    Roger J. Klingenberg, DVM
    Reptiles

    Nick J. Knowles, MPhil
    The Pirbright Institute
    Teschovirus Encephalomyelitis

    Svend E. Kold, DMV, MRCVS, RCVS Specialist in Equine Surgery (Orthopedics)
    Bone, Joint, and Muscle Disorders in Horses

    Alexandre Kreiss, BVSc, PhD
    Menzies Research Institute Tasmania, University of Tasmania
    Tasmanian Devils

    Janice E. Kritchevsky, VMD, MS, DACVIM
    Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, Purdue University
    Equine Metabolic Syndrome , Hormonal Disorders of Dogs

    Michelle Kromm, DVM, MPH, MAM, DACPV
    Jennie-O Turkey Store
    Aspergillosis

    Thomas G. Ksiazek, DVM, PhD
    Department of Pathology, University of Texas Medical Branch
    Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever , Nipah Virus Infection

    Ned F. Kuehn, DVM, MS, DACVIM
    Michigan Veterinary Specialists
    Respiratory Diseases of Small Animals , Respiratory System Introduction , Lung and Airway Disorders of Cats , Lung and Airway Disorders of Horses , Lung and Airway Disorders of Dogs

    Mahesh C. Kumar, BVSc, MS, PhD, DACPV
    Poultry Health & Food Safety
    Dissecting Aneurysm in Turkeys

    Nina Yu-Hsin Kung, PhD, MSc, BVSc, BVM
    Biosecurity Queensland
    Hendra Virus Infection

    Michelle Kutzler, DVM, MBA, PhD, DACT
    Oregon State University
    Prostatic Diseases , Mammary Tumors , Canine Transmissible Venereal Tumor

    Gary M. Landsberg, BSc, DVM, MRCVS, DACVB, DECAWBM
    North Toronto Veterinary Behaviour Specialty Clinic
    Behavioral Medicine Introduction , Normal Social Behavior and Behavioral Problems of Domestic Animals , Behavior of Dogs , Behavior of Cats , Behavior of Horses

    Thomas J. Lane, BS, DVM
    University of Florida, Large Animal Clinical Sciences
    Health-Management Interaction: Horses

    Garrick C. M. Latch, MASc, PhD
    Poisoning

    Jimmy C. Lattimer, DVM, MS, DACVR, DACVRO
    Veterinary Medicine and Surgery, Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital, University of Missouri
    Diagnostic Imaging , Diagnostic Tests and Imaging , Radiation Therapy

    D. Bruce Lawhorn, DVM, MS
    Potbellied Pigs , Potbellied Pigs

    Andrea S. Lear, DVM, DACVIM, MS, PhD
    University of Tennessee
    Bluetongue , Congenital and Inherited Anomalies , Sporadic Bovine Encephalomyelitis , Malignant Catarrhal Fever

    Margie D. Lee, DVM, PhD
    VA MD College of Veterinary Medicine
    Avian Campylobacter Infection

    Steven Leeson, PhD
    University of Guelph
    Nutrition and Management: Poultry , Fatty Liver Hemorrhagic Syndrome

    Michael L. Levin, PhD
    Rickettsial Zoonoses Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
    Ticks

    Julie K. Levy, DVM, PhD, DACVIM
    University of Florida College of Veterinary Medicine|Maddie’s Shelter Medicine Program
    Feline Leukemia Virus and Related Diseases , Feline Infectious Peritonitis

    Michel Lévy, DVM
    University of Calgary
    Polioencephalomalacia

    Alicja E. Tabor, BSc (Hons), PhD
    Queensland Alliance for Agriculture & Food Innovation, The University of Queensland
    Enteric Campylobacteriosis , Blood Parasites

    David H. Ley, DVM, PhD
    Department of Population Health and Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University
    Mycoplasmosis

    Teresa L. Lightfoot, DVM, DABVP (Avian)
    Avian and Exotics Department, Florida Veterinary Specialists
    Routine Care and Breeding of Birds , Selecting and Providing a Home for a Pet Bird , Disorders and Diseases of Birds

    Megan Lighty, DVM, PhD, DACPV
    Penn State University
    Aspergillosis

    HuiChu Lin, DVM, MS, DACVAA
    Auburn University
    Malignant Hyperthermia

    Dana Lindemann, DVM
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Kansas State University
    Hedgehogs

    Scott Line, DVM, PhD, DACVB
    Congenital and Inherited Anomalies

    Andrew Linklater, DVM, DACVECC
    Lakeshore Veterinary Specialists, Glendale, Wisconsin
    Emergency Medicine Introduction , Evaluation and Initial Treatment of the Emergency Patient , Specific Diagnostics and Therapy , Fluid Therapy , Monitoring the Critically Ill Animal

    John E. Lloyd, BS, PhD
    University of Wyoming
    Skin Disorders of Cats , Skin Disorders of Dogs , Skin Disorders of Horses

    Jeanne Lofstedt, BVSc, MS, DACVIM (Large Animal)
    Department of Health Management, Atlantic Veterinary College, University of Prince Edward Island
    Caprine Arthritis and Encephalitis

    Maureen T. Long, DVM, PhD, DACVIM
    Department of Infectious Diseases and Pathology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida
    Meningitis, Encephalitis, and Encephalomyelitis , Equine Arboviral Encephalomyelitis , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Horses

    Michael R. Loomis, DVM, MA, DACZM
    North Carolina Zoological Park
    Zoo Animals

    Ingrid Lorenz, PhD, DMV, DMVH, DECBHM
    Bavarian Animal Health Service
    Diseases of the Ruminant Forestomach

    Bertrand J. Losson, DVM, PhD, DEVPC
    Department of Parasitology and Parasitic Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Liege
    Skin Disorders of Horses

    Jodie Low Choy, BVSc, BVMS, IVAS Cert
    Menzies School of Health Research; University Avenue Veterinary Hospital, Northern Territory, Australia
    Melioidosis , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Cats , Description and Physical Characteristics of Birds

    Katharine F. Lunn, BVMS, MS, PhD, MRCVS, DACVIM
    Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University
    Leptospirosis , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs , Fever of Unknown Origin

    Katharine F. Lunn, BVMS, MS, PhD, MRCVS, DACVIM
    Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University
    Leptospirosis , Fever of Unknown Origin , Metabolic Disorders of Dogs , Metabolic Disorders of Horses , Metabolic Disorders of Cats , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs

    Robert J. MacKay, BVSc, PhD
    Large Animal Medicine, Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida
    Equine Protozoal Myeloencephalitis , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Horses

    Charles Mackenzie, BVSc, PhD, ACVM, AO
    Department of Pathobiology and Diagnostic Investigation, Michigan State University
    Besnoitiosis

    Kenneth S. Macklin, PhD
    Department of Poultry Science, Auburn University
    Helminthiasis

    Dennis W. Macy, MS, DACVIM
    College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences,Colorado State University
    Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Cats

    John E. Madigan, DVM, MS
    Department of Medicine and Epidemiology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California-Davis
    Equine Granulocytic Anaplasmosis , Description and Physical Characteristics of Birds , Digestive Disorders of Horses

    John B. Malone, DVM, PhD
    School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California
    Diagnostic Tests and Imaging

    Richard A. Mansmann, VMD, PhD, Hon DACVIM (Large Animal)
    North Carolina State University College of Veterinary Medicine
    Prepurchase Examination of Horses

    Steven L. Marks, BVSc, MS, MRCVS, DACVIM (SAIM)
    North Carolina State College of Veterinary Medicine
    Health-Management Interaction: Small Animals , Anemia , Lung and Airway Disorders of Dogs

    Bret D. Marsh, DVM
    Indiana State Board of Animal Health
    Prepurchase Examination of Ruminants and Swine

    Arata Matsuyama, DVM, DACVIM (Oncology)
    University of Guelph
    Diseases of the Stomach and Intestines in Small Animals

    Joerg Mayer, DMV, MSc, DABVP (ECM), DECZM (Small mammal)
    The University of Georgia
    Rabbits

    Milton M. McAllister, DVM, PhD, DACVP
    School of Animal and Veterinary Sciences, University of Adelaide
    Neosporosis , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs

    Dudley L. McCaw, DVM, DACVIM (Small Animal, Oncology)
    Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Kansas State University
    Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Cats

    Diane McClure, DVM, PhD, DACLAM
    Animal Resource Center Veterinary Services
    Rabbits

    Brian J. McCluskey, DVM, MS, PhD, DACVPM
    National Surveillance Unit APHIS
    Description and Physical Characteristics of Birds

    C. Wayne McIlwraith, BVSc, PhD, DSc, FRCVS, DACVS, DACVSMR
    College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University
    Arthropathies in Large Animals , Bone, Joint, and Muscle Disorders in Horses

    Thomas St. C. McKenna, DVM, PhD
    USDA, APHIS, Veterinary Services
    African Horse Sickness

    Maureen McMichael, DVM, MEd, DACVECC
    University of Illinois
    Pulmonary Emphysema , Fungal Pneumonia

    Jennifer H. McQuiston, DVM, MS
    Rickettsial Zoonoses Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
    Rickettsial Diseases , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs

    Gavin L. Meerdink, DVM, DABVT
    College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Illinois
    Poisoning

    Mushtaq A. Memon, BVSc, PhD, DACT
    Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Washington State University
    Reproductive Diseases of the Female Small Animal , Reproductive Disorders of Dogs , Reproductive Disorders of Cats

    Paula I. Menzies, DVM, MPVM, DECS-RHM
    Ruminant Health Management Group, Department of Population Medicine, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph
    Posthitis and Vulvitis in Sheep and Goats , Disorders of Calcium Metabolism , Hepatic Lipidosis , Management of Reproduction: Sheep

    Sandra R. Merchant, DVM, DACVD
    School of Veterinary Medicine, Louisiana State University
    Dermatophytosis

    Joanne B. Messick, VMD, PhD, DACVP
    Purdue University College of Veterinary Medicine
    Blood Parasites

    Samia A. Metwally, DVM, PhD
    AGAH, AGA?Division, Foog and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
    Nairobi Sheep Disease

    Bernard Mignon, DVM, PhD, DEVPC
    Department of Infectious and Parasitic Diseases, Parasitology and Parasitic Diseases, University of Liège
    Skin Disorders of Cats , Skin Disorders of Dogs

    Patti J. Miller, DVM, PhD
    USDA/Agricultural Research Service
    Newcastle Disease and Other Paramyxovirus Infections

    Maureen H. Milne, BVMS, MVM, DCHP, MRCVS
    Lung and Airway Disorders of Horses

    Kelly D. Mitchell, BSc, DVM, DVSc, DACVIM
    Toronto Veterinary Emergency Clinic
    Diseases of the Stomach and Intestines in Small Animals

    Harry W. Momont, DVM, PhD, DACT
    Department of Medical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Wisconsin-Madison
    Reproductive System Introduction

    Donald R. Monke, DVM, MBA
    Production Operations, Select Sires, Inc., Plain City, Ohio
    Seminal Vesiculitis in Bulls

    Dale A. Moore, MS, DVM, MPVM, PhD
    University of California-Davis
    Bone, Joint, and Muscle Disorders of Cats , Bone, Joint, and Muscle Disorders of Dogs , Bone, Joint, and Muscle Disorders in Horses , Description and Physical Characteristics of Birds

    James N. Moore, DVM, PhD
    Department of Large Animal Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia
    Colic in Horses , Digestive Disorders of Horses

    Lisa E. Moore, DVM, DACVIM
    Digestive Disorders of Cats , Digestive Disorders of Dogs

    Gastón A. Moré, MV, DVM
    Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET)
    Sarcocystosis

    Karen A. Moriello, DVM, DACVD
    Department of Medical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Wisconsin-Madison
    Pyoderma , Integumentary System Introduction , Acanthosis Nigricans , Interdigital Furunculosis , Cuterebra Infestation in Dogs and Cats , Otitis Media and Interna , Dermatophilosis , Otitis Externa , Atopic Dermatitis , Congenital and Inherited Anomalies of the Integumentary System , Hygroma , Skin Disorders of Cats , Skin Disorders of Dogs , Skin Disorders of Horses , Ear Disorders of Dogs , Ear Disorders of Cats , Ear Disorders of Horses , Eosinophilic Inflammatory Skin Diseases , Dermatophytosis

    Teresa Y. Morishita, DVM, MPVM, MS, PhD, DACPV
    Western University of Health Sciences
    Enterococcosis , Streptococcosis

    James K. Morrisey, DVM, DABVP (Avian)
    Companion Exotic Animal Medicine Service, Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University
    Ferrets , Ferrets

    W. Ivan Morrison, PhD, BVMS
    The Roslin Institute, Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies, University of Edinburgh
    Blood Parasites

    Derek A. Mosier, DVM, PhD, DACVP
    Kansas State University
    Hemorrhagic Septicemia

    Karen R. Munana, DVM, MS, DACVIM (Neurology)
    College of Veterinary Medicine,North Carolina State University
    Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Dogs , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Horses , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Cats

    Amelia S. Munsterman, DVM, MS, PhD, DACVS, DACVECC, CVA
    University of Wisconsin School of Veterinary Medicine
    Fatigue and Exercise in Animals , Equine Emergency Medicine

    Lisa A. Murphy, VMD
    ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center
    Poisoning

    Michael J. Murray, DVM, MS
    Merial Limited
    Digestive Disorders of Horses

    Jeffrey Musser, DVM, PhD
    Texas A&M University
    Vaccination of Exotic Mammals

    Sofie Muylle, DVM, PhD
    Department of Morphology, Ghent University
    Dental Development , Digestive Disorders of Cats , Digestive Disorders of Dogs , Digestive Disorders of Horses

    Dusty W. Nagy, DVM, MS, PhD, DACVIM
    Texas A&M University
    Bovine Leukosis

    T. Mark Neer, DVM, DACVIM
    Center for Veterinary Health Sciences, Oklahoma State University
    Motion Sickness , Demyelinating Disorders , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Dogs , Ear Disorders of Horses , Ear Disorders of Dogs , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Cats , Ear Disorders of Cats

    Robin A. J. Nicholas, MSc, PhD, FRCPath
    Animal Health and Veterinary Laboratories Agency, United Kingdom
    Contagious Agalactia

    Jenny Nicholds, DVM, MAM, DACPV
    University of Georgia
    Viral Arthritis

    Paul Nicoletti, DVM, MS, DACVPM (Deceased)
    College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida
    Brucellosis in Dogs , Brucellosis in Large Animals , Reproductive Disorders of Horses , Reproductive Disorders of Dogs

    Michelle Nic Raghnaill, PhD
    National Academy of Science, Canberra, Australia
    Pharmacology Introduction

    Martin K. Nielsen, DVM, PhD, DACVM
    University of Kentucky
    Gastrointestinal Parasites of Horses

    Jerome C. Nietfield, DVM, PhD, DACVP
    Department of Diagnostic Medicine/Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Kansas State University
    Reproductive Disorders of Horses

    Joeke Nijboer, PhD
    Nijboer Consultancy
    Nutrition: Exotic and Zoo Animals

    Donald L. Noah, DVM, MPH, DACVPM
    Lincoln Memorial University
    Public Health Primer

    Lisa K. Nolan, DVM, PhD
    University of Georgia
    Colibacillosis

    Amir H. Noormohammadi, DVM, PhD
    The University of Melbourne
    Inclusion Body Hepatitis and Hydropericardium Syndrome , Viral Enteritis

    Frederick W. Oehme, DVM, PhD
    Pathobiology, Medicine and Physiology, Comparative Toxicology Laboratories, Kansas State University
    Poisoning

    Kenneth Opengart, MS, DVM, PhD, DACPV
    Keystone Foods
    Gangrenous Dermatitis

    Tanja Opriessnig, DMV, PhD
    The Roslin Institute, University of Edinburgh, Scotland, UK; Department of Veterinary Diagnostic and Production Animal Medicine, Iowa State University
    Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae Infection

    Stephanie R. Ostrowski, DVM, MPVM, DACVPM
    Department of Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Auburn University
    Public Health Primer

    Gary D. Osweiler, DVM, MS, PhD
    Veterinary Diagnostic and Production Animal Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Iowa State University
    Mycotoxicoses , Petroleum Product Poisoning , Coal-Tar Products Poisoning , Poisoning

    Raul E. Otalora, DVM
    Quail International, Inc.
    Ulcerative Enteritis

    Chris Oura, MSc, PhD
    School of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of the West Indies
    African Swine Fever

    Karen L. Overall, MA, VMD, PhD, DACVB, ABS Certified Applied Animal Behaviorist
    University of Pennsylvania
    Behavior of Dogs , Behavior of Cats , Behavior of Horses

    Rebecca A. Packer, MS, DVM, DACVIM (Neurology)
    College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University
    Congenital and Inherited Anomalies of the Nervous System

    Sheldon Padgett, DVM, MS, DACVS
    Bone, Joint, and Muscle Disorders of Cats , Bone, Joint, and Muscle Disorders of Dogs , Bone, Joint, and Muscle Disorders in Horses

    Terri Parrott, DVM
    St. Charles Veterinary Hospital
    Nonhuman Primates

    Emily G. Patterson-Kane, PhD
    American Veterinary Medical Association
    Euthanasia

    Sharon Patton, MS, PhD
    Department of Biomedical and Diagnostic Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tennessee
    Amebiasis , Giardiasis (Giardia) , Digestive Disorders of Cats , Digestive Disorders of Dogs

    Susan L. Payne, PhD
    Texas A&M University
    Vaccines and Immunotherapy , Blood Disorders of Dogs , Blood Disorders of Cats , Blood Disorders of Horses

    Lisa K. Pearson, DVM, MS, PhD, DACT
    Washington State University
    Congenital and Inherited Anomalies of the Digestive System

    Angela Pelzel-McCluskey, DVM, MS
    USDA APHIS VS Western Region
    Vesicular Stomatitis

    Maurice B. Pensaert, DVM, MS, PhD
    University of Ghent
    Porcine Hemagglutinating Encephalomyelitis

    Andrew S. Peregrine, BVMS, PhD, DVM, DEVPC, DACVM
    Department of Pathobiology, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada
    Gastrointestinal Parasites of Small Animals , Digestive Disorders of Cats , Digestive Disorders of Dogs

    Donald Peter, DVM, MS, DACT
    Frontier Genetics, Hermiston, OR
    Bovine Genital Campylobacteriosis , Equine Coital Exanthema , Reproductive Disorders of Horses

    Christine Petersen, DVM, PhD
    University of Iowa
    Blood Parasites , Leishmaniosis

    Mark E. Peterson, DVM, DACVIM
    Animal Endocrine Clinic|New York State College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University
    The Thyroid Gland , The Parathyroid Glands and Disorders of Calcium Metabolism , Hormonal Disorders of Cats , Hormonal Disorders of Horses , Hormonal Disorders of Dogs

    Barbara D. Petty, DVM
    North Florida Aquatic Veterinary Services
    Aquarium Fishes , Fish

    James R. Philips, PhD
    Math/Science Division, Babson College
    Ectoparasites , Air Sac Mite

    Kursten V. Pierce, DVM, DACVIM (Cardiology)
    Colorado State University
    Thrombosis, Embolism, and Aneurysm , Cardiovascular System Introduction

    Carlos R. F. Pinto, MedVet, PhD, DACT
    Theriogenology Section, Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, Louisisana State University
    Embryo Transfer in Farm Animals

    Paul J. Plummer, DVM, PhD, DACVIM(LA), DECSRHM
    Department of Veterinary Diagnostic and Production Animal Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Iowa State University
    Coxiellosis

    Robert E. Porter, DVM, PhD, DACVP, DACPV
    Veterinary Population Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota
    Hemorrhagic Vasculopathy of Turkeys , Poisonings

    Karen W. Post, DVM, MS, DACVM
    North Carolina Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory System, Consumer Services, Rollins Animal Disease, Diagnostic Laboratory
    Diagnostic Tests and Imaging , Diagnostic Procedures for the Private Practice Laboratory

    Cherie M. Pucheu-Haston, DVM, PhD, DACVD
    Louisiana State University
    Food Allergy

    David G. Pugh, DVM, MS
    Auburn University
    Nutrition: Sheep , Nutrition: Goats

    Katherine E. Quesenberry, DVM, MPH, DABVP (Avian)
    Rats , Chinchillas , Guinea Pigs , Mice , Gerbils , Hamsters

    Otto M. Radostits, CM, DVM, MSc, DACVIM (Deceased)
    Western College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Saskatchewan
    Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Cats , Description and Physical Characteristics of Birds

    Sarah L. Ralston, VMD, PhD, DACVN
    Department of Animal Sciences, School of Environmental and Biological Sciences, Rutgers University
    Nutrition: Horses

    John F. Randolph, DVM, DACVIM
    College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University
    Erythrocytosis and Polycythemia

    Silke Rautenschlein, DVM, PhD
    University of Veterinary Medicine-Hannover
    Avian Metapneumovirus

    Willie M. Reed, DVM, PhD, DACVP, DACPV
    College of Veterinary Medicine, Purdue University
    Turkey Viral Hepatitis , Quail Bronchitis

    Philip T. Reeves, BVSc (Hons), PhD, FANZCVS
    Veterinary Medicines and Nanotechnology, Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority
    Pharmacology Introduction , Drugs and Vaccines

    Karen B. Register, PhD
    USDA - Agricultural Research Service
    Bordetellosis

    Mason V. Reichard, PhD
    Oklahoma State University
    Cattle Grubs , Mange

    Hugh W. Reid, MBE, BVM&S, DTVM, PhD, MRCVS
    Moredun Research Institute
    Louping Ill

    Douglas J. Reinemann, PhD
    Department of Biological Systems Engineering, College of Agricultural and Life Sciences, University of Wisconsin-Madison
    Stray Voltage in Animal Housing

    Christopher D. Reinhardt, BS, MS, PhD
    Animal Sciences and Industry, Kansas State University
    Growth Promotants and Production Enhancers

    Petra Reinhold, DVM, PhD
    Friedrich-Loeffler-Institute, Federal Research Institute for Animal Health
    Chlamydiosis

    Alexander M. Reiter, DT, DMV, DAVDC, DEVDC
    University of Pennsylvania
    Diseases of the Mouth in Small Animals , Dentistry

    Márcio Garcio Ribeiro, DVM, PhD
    S?o Paulo State University - UNESP
    Nocardiosis , Rhodococcosis , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs

    Franklin Riet-Correa, PhD
    Veterinary Hospital, Federal University of Campina Grande
    Cattle Grubs

    Yasuko Rikihisa, PhD
    Ohio State University
    Rickettsial Diseases , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs

    Guillermo R. Risatti, MV, MS, PhD
    University of Connecticut
    Classical Swine Fever

    Ase Risberg, VMD
    Large Animal Internal Medicine, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Wisconsin
    Heart and Blood Vessel Disorders of Horses

    Narda G. Robinson, DO, DVM, MS
    Curacore Vet
    Complementary and Alternative Veterinary Medicine

    Kursten V. Roderick, DVM
    Tufts University
    Cardiovascular System Introduction , Thrombosis, Embolism, and Aneurysm , Heart and Blood Vessel Disorders of Dogs , Heart and Blood Vessel Disorders of Cats

    Camille Roesch, PhD
    Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority, Symonston, Australia
    Pharmacology Introduction

    Barton W. Rohrbach, VMD, MPH, DACVPM
    Department of Comparative Medicine, Veterinary Teaching Hospital, University of Tennessee
    Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Cats , Description and Physical Characteristics of Birds

    Peter Rolls, BVSc, MVS
    Biosecurity Queensland
    Blood Parasites

    Juan E. Romano, DVM, MS, PhD, DACT
    College of Veterinary Medicine, Texas A&M University
    Hormonal Control of Estrus

    A. Gregorio Rosales, DVM, MS, PhD, DACPV
    Aviagen Inc.
    Disorders of the Reproductive System

    Michele R. Rosenbaum, VMD, DACVD
    Ear Disorders of Horses , Ear Disorders of Dogs , Ear Disorders of Cats

    Wayne Rosenkrantz, DVM, DACVD
    Skin Disorders of Cats , Skin Disorders of Dogs , Skin Disorders of Horses

    Robert C. Rosenthal, DVM, PhD, DACVIM (Small Animal, Oncology), DACVR (Radiation Oncology)
    Reproductive Disorders of Dogs , Reproductive Disorders of Cats , Hormonal Disorders of Dogs

    Stanley I. Rubin, DVM, MS, DACVIM
    Department of Veterinary Clinical Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
    Diseases of the Rectum and Anus , Digestive System Introduction , Digestive Disorders of Cats , Digestive Disorders of Dogs , Digestive Disorders of Horses

    Pamela L. Ruegg, DVM, MPVM
    Department of Dairy Science, College of Agricultural and Life Sciences, University of Wisconsin-Madison
    Udder Diseases

    Charles E. Rupprecht, VMD, MS, PhD
    LYSSA LLC
    Rabies , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Dogs , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Horses , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Cats

    Bonnie R. Rush, DVM, MS, DACVIM
    Equine Internal Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Kansas State University
    Respiratory Diseases of Horses , Lung and Airway Disorders of Horses

    H. Carolien Rutgers, DVM, MS, DACVIM, DECVIM-CA, DSAM, MRCVS
    The Royal Veterinary College, University of London
    Digestive Disorders of Cats , Digestive Disorders of Dogs

    Jeremiah T. Saliki, DVM, PhD, DACVM
    University of Georgia
    Peste des Petits Ruminants , Rinderpest

    Jean E. Sander, DVM, MAM, DACPV
    Zoetis
    Candidiasis , Disposal of Carcasses and Disinfection of Premises , Omphalitis , Malabsorption Syndrome , Fowl Cholera , Sudden Death Syndrome of Broiler Chickens

    Sherry Lynn Sanderson, BS, DVM, PhD, DACVIM, DACVN
    Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia
    Nutrition: Small Animals , Urinary System Introduction , Kidney and Urinary Tract Disorders of Horses , Kidney and Urinary Tract Disorders of Cats , Kidney and Urinary Tract Disorders of Dogs

    Yuko Sato, DVM, MS, DACPV
    Iowa State University
    Backyard Poultry , Staphylococcosis , Backyard Chickens

    Ashley B. Saunders, DVM, DACVIM (Cardiology)
    Texas A & M University
    Systemic Pharmacotherapeutics of the Cardiovascular System

    Donald C. Sawyer, DVM, PhD
    Michigan State University
    Metabolic Disorders of Dogs , Metabolic Disorders of Horses , Metabolic Disorders of Cats

    Charles M. Scanlan, DVM, PhD
    Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Texas A&M University
    Meat Inspection

    Karel A. Schat, DVM, PhD
    Department of Microbiology and Immunology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University
    Chicken Anemia Virus Infection

    Mary M. Schell, DVM, DABVT, DABT
    ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center, Urbana, Illinois
    Rodenticide Poisoning , Poisoning

    David G. Schmitz, DVM, MS, DACVIM (LA)
    Department of Veterinary Large Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Texas A&M University
    Cantharidin Poisoning , Poisoning

    Norman R. Schneider, DVM, MSc, DABVT
    University of Nebraska
    Poisoning

    Thomas Schubert, DVM, DACVIM, DABVP
    Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida
    Facial Paralysis , Limb Paralysis , Nervous System Introduction , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Dogs , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Cats , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Horses

    Kevin T. Schultz, DVM, PhD
    Merial Limited
    Immune Disorders of Dogs , Immune Disorders of Cats , Immune Disorders of Horses

    James Schumacher, DVM, MS
    Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tennessee
    Lameness in Horses

    John Schumacher, DVM, MS
    Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Auburn University
    Lameness in Horses

    Maya M. Scott, BS, DVM
    College of Veterinary Medicine, Texas A&M University
    Drugs and Vaccines

    Philip R. Scott, BVM&S, MPhil, DVM&S, DSHP, DECBHM, FHEA, FRCVS
    University of Edinburgh
    Respiratory Diseases of Sheep and Goats , Ulcerative Dermatosis of Sheep , Listeriosis , Aspiration Pneumonia , Fungal Pneumonia , Contagious Ecthyma

    Joaquim Segalés, DVM, PhD, DECVP, DECPHM
    Departament de Sanitat i d’ Anatomia Animals and Centre de Recerca en Sanitat Animals (CReSA), Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona
    Porcine Circovirus Diseases , Glasser’s Disease

    Brad E. Seguin, DVM, MS, PhD DACT
    College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota
    Reproductive Disorders of Horses , Reproductive Disorders of Dogs , Reproductive Disorders of Cats

    Holly S. Sellers, MS, PhD
    University of Georgia
    Viral Arthritis

    Susan D. Semrad, VMD, PhD, DACVIM
    Department of Medical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Wisconsin
    Digestive Disorders of Horses

    Patricia L. Sertich, MS, VMD, DACT
    New Bolton Center, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Pennsylvania
    Management of Reproduction: Horses , Reproductive Disorders of Horses

    Torsten Seuberlich, DMV
    NeuroCentre, National and OIE Reference Laboratories for BSE and Scrapie, DCR-VPH
    Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy

    A. S. Shakespeare, BSc (Eng)(Natal), BVSc (hons) (Pret), MMedVet (Med)(Pret)
    University of Pretoria
    Heartwater

    Linda Shell, DVM, DACVIM-Neurology
    Ross University School of Veterinary Medicine
    Systemic Pharmacotherapeutics of the Nervous System

    Clifford F. Shipley, DVM, DACT
    University of Illinois
    Management of Reproduction: Goats

    Michael Shipstone, BVSc, FACVSc, DACVD
    University of Queensland
    Systemic Pharmacotherapeutics of the Integumentary System

    H. L. Shivaprasad, BVSc, MS, PhD, DACPV
    California Animal Health and Food Safety Laboratory System-Tulare, University of California-Davis
    Hemorrhagic Enteritis/Marble Spleen Disease

    Wayne Simpson, MSc (Microbiology), BHort Sc, DipHort
    Endophyte Mycology, Forage Improvement Section, AgResearch Limited
    Ryegrass Toxicity

    Annette N. Smith, DVM, MS, DACVIM
    Auburn University College of Veterinary Medicine
    Neoplasia of the Nervous System , Paraneoplastic Disorders of the Nervous System

    Geof W. Smith, DVM, PhD
    Department of Population Health and Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University
    Actinomycosis , Actinobacillosis , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs

    Joan A. Smyth, PhD, MVB
    Department of Pathobiology and Veterinary Science, University of Connecticut
    Egg Drop Syndrome '76

    Victoria Smyth, PhD
    Agri-Food and Biosciences Institute (AFBI)
    Avian Nephritis Viral Infections , Viral Enteritis

    J. Glenn Songer, PhD
    University of Arizona
    Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Cats , Description and Physical Characteristics of Birds

    Arthur M. Spickett, BSc (Hons) Zoology
    ARC-Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, South Africa
    Sweating Sickness

    Anna Rovid Spickler, DVM, PhD
    Center for Food Security and Public Health, College of Veterinary Medicine, Iowa State University
    Zoonoses , Diseases Spread between Animals and People (Zoonoses)

    Sharon J. Spier, DVM, PhD, DACVIM
    Professor Emeritus, University of California, Davis
    Disorders of Calcium Metabolism , Lymphadenitis and Lymphangitis , Metabolic Disorders of Dogs , Metabolic Disorders of Horses , Metabolic Disorders of Cats

    Richard A. Squires, BVSc (Hons), PhD
    James Cook University
    Feline Panleukopenia , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Cats

    Manuals Staff,
    Multimedia , Infections , Cancer and Tumors , Routine Care and Breeding of Birds , Selecting and Providing a Home for a Pet Bird , Travel with Pets , Description and Physical Characteristics of Birds , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Horses , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs

    Henry R. Stämpfli, DVM, DrMedVet, DACVIM
    Large Animal Medicine, Department of Clinical Studies, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph
    Clostridial Diseases , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs

    Jonathan Statham, MA, VetMB, DCHP, MRCVS
    Bishopton Veterinary Group|RAFT Solutions Ltd
    Cystic Ovary Disease , Management of Reproduction: Cattle

    James H. Steele, DVM, MPH
    School of Public Health, University of Texas
    Diseases Spread between Animals and People (Zoonoses)

    Bryan L. Stegelmeier, DVM, PhD, DACVP
    USDA-ARS
    Bracken Fern Poisoning , Sweet Clover Poisoning

    Jörg M. Steiner, DMV, PhD, DACVIM, DECVIM-CA, AGAF
    Texas A & M University
    Drugs and Vaccines , The Exocrine Pancreas , Digestive Disorders of Cats , Digestive Disorders of Dogs

    Allison J. Stewart, BVSC (Hons), MS, DACVIM-LA, DACVECC
    The University of Queensland
    Disorders of Magnesium Metabolism , Intestinal Diseases in Horses and Foals

    Bruce Stewart-Brown, DVM, DACPV
    Perdue Farms
    Nutrition and Management: Poultry

    Jamie Lynn Stewart, DVM, MS, PhD
    Virginia-Maryland College of Veterinary Medicine
    Management of Reproduction: Goats

    Roger W. Stich, MS, PhD
    University of Missouri
    Ectoparasiticides

    David Stiller, MS, PhD
    University of Idaho
    Skin Disorders of Cats , Skin Disorders of Dogs , Skin Disorders of Horses

    Roger W. Stitch, MS, PhD
    University of Missouri
    Ectoparasiticides

    Michael K. Stoskopf, DVM, PhD, DACZM
    College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University
    Marine Mammals

    Simone T. Stoute, DVM, PhD, DACPV
    University of California, Davis
    Duck Viral Hepatitis

    George M. Strain, PhD
    Comparative Biomedical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, Louisiana State University
    Deafness

    Reinhard K. Straubinger, DrMedVetHabil, PhD
    Institute for Infectious Diseases and Zoonoses, Department of Veterinary Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, LMU
    Lyme Borreliosis , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs

    Bert E. Stromberg, PhD
    Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota
    Infectious Diseases of the Urinary System in Large Animals , Trichinellosis , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Cats , Description and Physical Characteristics of Birds

    David E. Swayne, DVM, PhD, DACVP, DACPV
    USDA-ARS, Southeast Poultry Research Laboratory
    Newcastle Disease and Other Paramyxovirus Infections , Avian Influenza

    Thomas W. Swerczek, DVM, PhD
    Department of Veterinary Science, University of Kentucky
    Tyzzer Disease , Digestive Disorders of Cats , Digestive Disorders of Dogs

    Jane E. Sykes, BVSc (Hons), PhD, DACVIM
    Department of Medicine and Epidemiology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California-Davis
    Chlamydial Conjunctivitis

    Joseph Taboada, DVM, DACVIM
    Office of Student and Academic Affairs, School of Veterinary Medicine, Louisiana State University
    Fungal Infections , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Cats , Description and Physical Characteristics of Birds

    Patricia A. Talcott, MS, DVM, PhD, DABVT
    University of Idaho
    Skin Disorders of Cats , Skin Disorders of Dogs , Skin Disorders of Horses

    Justin Tank, DVM, MBA
    Select Sires, Inc
    Seminal Vesiculitis in Bulls

    Jaime L. Tarigo, DVM, PhD, DACVP
    University of Georgia
    Blood Parasites

    Marcel Taverne, PhD
    Utrecht University
    Pseudopregnancy in Goats

    Stuart M. Taylor, PhD, BVMS, MRCVS, DECVP
    Lung and Airway Disorders of Cats , Lung and Airway Disorders of Horses , Lung and Airway Disorders of Dogs

    Charles O. Thoen, DVM, PhD
    Veterinary Microbiology and Preventive Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Iowa State University
    Tuberculosis , Tuberculosis and other Mycobacterial Infections , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Cats , Description and Physical Characteristics of Birds

    Jennifer E. Thomas, DVM
    Oklahoma State University
    Lice , Mange

    William B. Thomas, DVM, MS, DACVIM (Neurology)
    Neurology and Neurosurgery, Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, University of Tennessee
    Diseases of the Spinal Column and Cord , Diseases of the Peripheral Nerves and Neuromuscular Junction , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Dogs , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Horses , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Cats

    Sara M. Thomasy, DVM, PhD, DACVO
    Department of Surgical and Radiological Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California-Davis
    Equine Recurrent Uveitis , Ophthalmic Emergencies

    Larry J. Thompson, DVM, PhD, DABVT
    Veterinary Toxicologist
    Salt Toxicity , Nonprotein Nitrogen Poisoning , Nitrate and Nitrite Poisoning

    Peter N. Thompson, BVSc, MMedVet, PhD
    University of Pretoria
    Rift Valley Fever , Wesselsbron Disease

    Ahmed Tibary, DMV, PhD, DACT
    Washington State University
    Congenital and Inherited Anomalies of the Reproductive System , Abortion in Large Animals

    John F. Timoney, MVB, DSc, PhD, MRCVS
    University of Kentucky
    Glanders , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Cats , Description and Physical Characteristics of Birds

    Peter J. Timoney, PhD, FRCVS
    Gluck Equine Research Center, University of Kentucky
    Equine Viral Arteritis , Equine Infectious Anemia , Description and Physical Characteristics of Birds

    Ian Tizard, BVMS, PhD, DACVM
    Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Texas A&M University
    Immunologic Diseases , Drugs and Vaccines , Amyloidosis , Vaccines and Immunotherapy , The Biology of the Immune System , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Cats , Description and Physical Characteristics of Birds , Immune Disorders of Dogs , Immune Disorders of Cats , Immune Disorders of Horses

    Susan J. Tornquist, DVM, PhD, DACVP
    College of Veterinary Medicine, Oregon State University
    Diagnostic Tests and Imaging

    Sheila M. F. Torres, DVM, MS, PhD, DACVD
    Dermatology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota
    Diseases of the Pinna

    Jerry L. Torrison, DVM, PhD, DACVPM
    University of Minnesota College of Veterinary Medicine
    Lameness in Pigs

    Sandra P. Tou, DVM, DACVIM
    North Carolina State University
    Congenital and Inherited Anomalies of the Cardiovascular System

    Josie L. Traub-Dargatz, DVM, MS, DACVIM
    Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University
    Vesicular Stomatitis , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Horses , Digestive Disorders of Horses

    Paula Tregaskis, BSc
    Agri-food and Biosciences Institute
    Viral Enteritis

    Robert Tremblay, DVM, DVSc, DACVIM
    Boehringer Ingelheim (Canada) Ltd
    Management and Nutrition Introduction

    Deoki N. Tripathy, DVM, MS, PhD, DACVM, DACPV
    Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Illinois
    Fowlpox

    James Trudgett, CHE Science and Management
    Agri-food and Biosciences Institute
    Viral Enteritis

    Thomas N. Tully, Jr., BS, DVM, MS, DABVP (Avian), DECZM (Avian)
    Louisiana State University School of Veterinary Medicine
    Ratites

    Tracy A. Turner, DVM, MS
    Turner Equine Sports Medicine and Surgery
    Lameness in Horses , Bone, Joint, and Muscle Disorders in Horses

    Wendy E. Vaala, VMD, DACVIM
    MSD Animal Health
    Lung and Airway Disorders of Horses

    Stephanie J. Valberg, DVM, PhD, DACVIM, ACVSMR
    McPhail Equine Performance Center, Michigan State University
    Myopathies in Horses , Myopathies in Ruminants and Pigs , Bone, Joint, and Muscle Disorders in Horses

    Vicky L. van Santen, PhD
    College of Veterinary Medicine, Auburn University
    Chicken Anemia Virus Infection

    John F. Van Vleet, DVM, PhD
    School of Veterinary Medicine, Purdue University
    Bone, Joint, and Muscle Disorders in Horses

    Arnaud J. Van Wettere, DVM, MS, PhD, DACVP
    Utah Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory, School of Veterinary Medicine, Utah State University
    Myopathies , Avian Chlamydiosis , Disorders of the Skeletal System in Poultry , Bloodborne Organisms

    Jozef Vercruysse, DVM
    Ghent University
    Drugs and Vaccines , Blood Parasites , Anthelmintics

    Alice E. Villalobos, DVM, DPNAP
    Society for Veterinary Medical Ethics|Pawspice
    Tumors of the Skin and Soft Tissues , Skin Disorders of Cats , Skin Disorders of Dogs , Skin Disorders of Horses

    Pedro Villegas, DVM, MS, PhD, DACVM, DACPV
    Department of Population Health, College of Veterinary Medicine, Poultry Diagnostic & Research Center, University of Georgia
    Inclusion Body Hepatitis and Hydropericardium Syndrome

    Patricia S. Wakenell, DVM, PhD, DACVP
    Purdue University School of Veterinary Medicine
    Erysipelas , Backyard Poultry

    Cheryl L. Waldner, DVM, PhD
    University of Saskatchewan
    Poisoning

    Peter J. Walker, BSc, PhD, DSc
    CSIRO Biosecurity, Australian Animal Health Laboratory
    Bovine Ephemeral Fever

    Michelle Wall, DVM, DACVIM
    Heart and Blood Vessel Disorders of Cats , Heart and Blood Vessel Disorders of Dogs

    Melissa S. Wallace, DVM, DACVIM
    MedVet Medical and Cancer Center for Pets, Worthington, Ohio
    Kidney and Urinary Tract Disorders of Cats , Kidney and Urinary Tract Disorders of Dogs

    Patricia Walters, VMD, DACVIM, DACVECC
    New England Animal Medical Center
    Diseases of the Esophagus in Small Animals

    David J. Waltisbuhl, BASc, MSc
    Yeerongpilly Veterinary Laboratory
    Blood Disorders of Dogs , Blood Disorders of Cats

    Stephen C. Waring, DVM, PhD
    School of Public Health, University of Texas Health Science Center|School of Public Health, University of Texas Health Science Center
    Diseases Spread between Animals and People (Zoonoses)

    Kevin Washburn, DVM
    Texas A&M University
    Lymphadenitis and Lymphangitis

    Craig B. Webb, PhD, DVM, DACVIM
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Veterinary Teaching Hospital, Colorado State University
    Vomiting

    Nick Whelan, BVSc, MVSc, MACVSc, DACVCP, DACVO
    Animal Eye Clinic of Waterloo Region, Cambridge, Ontario, Canada
    Systemic Pharmacotherapeutics of the Eye

    Brent R. Whitaker, MS, DVM
    University of Maryland, Institute of Marine and Environmental Technology|ZooQuatic Laboratory
    Amphibians , Amphibians

    Trevor J. Whitbread, BSc, BVSc, MRCVS, DECVP
    Abbey Veterinary Services
    Diagnostic Tests and Imaging , Diagnostic Procedures for the Private Practice Laboratory

    Patricia D. White, DVM, MS, DACVD
    Skin Disorders of Cats , Ear Disorders of Horses , Ear Disorders of Dogs , Skin Disorders of Dogs , Ear Disorders of Cats , Skin Disorders of Horses

    Stephen D. White, DVM, DACVD
    University of California, Davis
    Urticaria , Saddle Sores , Miscellaneous Systemic Dermatoses , Food Allergy , Nasal Dermatoses of Dogs , Seborrhea , Eosinophilic Inflammatory Skin Diseases , Skin Disorders of Cats , Skin Disorders of Dogs , Skin Disorders of Horses

    Susan L. White, DVM, MS, DACVIM
    College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia
    Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Horses

    Chris Whitton, BVSc, FANZCVS, PhD
    Equine Centre, University of Melbourne
    Lameness in Horses

    Mark L. Wickstrom, DVM, MS, PhD
    Department of Veterinary Biomedical Sciences, Western College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Saskatchewan
    Antiseptics and Disinfectants

    Pamela Anne Wilkins, DVM, MS, PhD, DACVIM-LA, DACVECC
    Department of Veterinary Clinical Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Illinois
    Emergencies

    Kevin P. Winkler, DVM
    Blue Pearl Veterinary Partners
    Wound Management

    Thomas Wittek, Univ.Prof. Dr., DECBHM
    Clinic for Ruminants, Vetmeduni Vienna
    Peritonitis , Malassimilation Syndromes in Large Animals , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs

    Zerai Woldehiwet, DVM, PhD, DAgric, MRCVS
    Institute of Infection and Global Health and School of Veterinary Science, University of Liverpool
    Tick Pyemia , Tickborne Fever

    R. Darren Wood, DVM, DVSc, DACVP
    Department of Pathobiology, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph
    Leukocyte Disorders

    Michelle Woodward, DVM, MS, DACVD
    Louisiana State University
    Saddle Sores , Tumors of the Ear Canal and Middle Ear , Otitis Externa , Otitis Media and Interna

    Peter R. Woolcock, BSc, MSc, PhD
    California Animal Health and Food Safety Laboratory System, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis
    Duck Viral Hepatitis

    Robert Wylie, BVSc, QDA
    Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Dogs , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Cats

    Mariko Yamamoto, PhD
    Teikyo University of Science
    The Human-Animal Bond , Health and the Human-Animal Bond

    Roy P. E. Yanong, VMD
    University of Florida
    Aquaculture

    Laszlo Zsak, DVM, PhD
    USDA-Agricultural Research Center, SAA, Southeast Poultry Research Laboratory
    Goose Parvovirus Infection

    Additional acknowledgements

    Some entries contain information and text from even earlier versions. We recognize the important contributions of those contributors who made our previous versions a success.

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